The first practical compass seems to have been made in Venice in 1274. It was a device supporting a magnetized needle over a card showing four or eight points of direction.
Erik the Red was the first European to land on and settle in Greenland.
She gave birth to the first child of European descent in North America and walked to Rome to give the pope a first-person account of her journey.
A world-renowned Islamic explorer, he traveled to forty-five nations throughout Asia, Africa and the Middle East.
Used to indicate the distance traveled north or south, the kamal was used to guide Arab ships to port. It led to the later development of the cross-staff.
He became the first European to land on and establish a settlement in North America. He is also credited for bringing Christianity to Greenland.